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When to Plant Early Spring Vegetables in NJ

For new gardeners in NJ: of course, the below dates are only an approximation. If you're not home on April 1, it's okay to plant your carrots on April 7! Note: The last frost in NJ Zone 6 is typically May 15. Schedule your garden planting accordingly!

March 15: Peas and Radishes.

Peas. The "first" plant of the early spring gardening season, avid gardeners get excited to sow their pea seeds right around St. Patrick's Day—even if there's still snow on the ground. Climbing peas will require a trellis, placed close to but not directly on top of the area where you planted your pea seeds. Bush type plants can stand alone without a trellis.

Radishes. Put your radish seeds into the ground as early as you plant the peas, next to where you plan to plant the carrots. Once they take root, they will prevent the soil around the carrots from clumping, which is a perfect condition for growing strong, straight carrots... and the radishes will like it, too!

April 1-15: Spinach and Lettuce.

Spinach. Prep your garden beds well, turning with a good compost mix, before planting spinach. You can sow seeds directly in the ground 4-6 weeks before the last frost; so, in NJ, plant your spinach sometime between April 1 and April 15. Keep seeds evenly moistened until they begin to sprout. Once plants take hold, supplement the soil with more composted soil, about a month after they've been in the ground.

Lettuce. Plant an average of up to 6 weeks prior to the last NJ frost (April 1). Lettuce can be fun for children to help plant, as all that's required is an even sprinkling of the tiny seeds over a bed of loose soil that has been well fertilized. Once the seeds are down, cover with a light layer of more soil. You may want to plant your lettuce in a partially-shaded area, as too much direct sun can scorch the plants or cause them to bolt early.

April 15: Carrots and Beets

Carrots. Plant carrots as early as one month before the anticipated last frost date; so that means carrot planting time is around April 15 in New Jersey. Be aware though, that carrots are difficult to grow due to their preference for loose, sandy soil. You may wish to mix extra sand into the area of the garden where you plan to grow your carrots; otherwise, you can end up with oddly-shaped little nubby "fingers" instead of fat, strong carrots.

Beets. Beets are very easy to grow and taste much better if they mature before the weather becomes too hot. In NJ, it's safe to plant beets directly in the soil at around April 15 which is one month before the expected final frost date. Both beet roots and beet greens are a nutritious and delicious addition to your menu.

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Want more tips? Our 95-page Gardening E-Guide for NJ Zone 6 is FINALLY here!

Looking for an easy-reference guide covering when and how to plant veggies, herbs and companion flowers in NJ? From Asparagus to Zucchini, it's all here in the Complete Beginner's E-Guide to Organic Gardening in NJ Zone 6!

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Too much of an expert for the Beginner E-Guide? Then maybe our Encyclopedia of VEGGIES, HERBS and COMPANION FLOWERS will prove to be a handy, desktop reference for you.


(If you already purchased the Complete Beginner's E-Guide below, then you do not need to buy this ebook!)

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When is it safe to plant nursery plants in my NJ garden?

5 Common Gardening Mistakes

What Vegetables to Plant on May 15

Ode to the Turnip

Best Seed Catalogs

What does Kale Look Like? (Kale vs. Collards vs. Swiss Chard)

NJ Zone 6 Organic Gardening Guide Teaches New Gardeners How to Grow Their Own Dinner

Ordering our NJ Gardening Guide: was it good for you?

IT'S FINALLY HERE! NJ Zone 6 Complete Planting Guide Now Available for Purchase



When and How to Start Prepping Your Garden Beds in New Jersey

When to Plant Early Spring Vegetables in NJ

Garden Planning in February? Yes! Get Ready for Spring Planting in NJ

Getting Your Raised Garden Beds Ready for Spring Planting

Is Rototilling Necessary? To Till or Not to Till Your NJ Garden Beds

Garden Planting Dates for NJ Zone 6

How to Plant Peas When There is Snow on the Ground

What to Do When You Miss Your Planting Date

Baking the Weed Seeds Out of Your Garden Beds

Planting Onions in Early Spring in NJ Zone 6

Broccoli Planting Instructions for NJ Zone 6

Sacrificial Carrot: How to Make Your NJ Carrot Crop Go the Distance

How to Grow Strawberries Organically

How to Plant Cucumbers in NJ Zone 6

Growing Herbs Successfully in NJ Zone 6

Spring Gardening in NJ: What to Plant on May 15?

Mid Spring Gardening Upkeep



Organic Composting Q&A

Mulch Q&A for Vegetable Gardens

Choosing a Fertilizer for Your Vegetable Garden

6 Quick Tips for Gardening Without the Use of Chemical Fertilizers or Pesticides



How Long Do Garden Seeds Last? Seed Viability Chart

How to Grow Vegetables from Seed

Growing Lettuce from Seed vs. Direct Sowing Lettuce



The Advantages of a Raised Bed Garden

NJ Zone 6 Gardening Q&A

Best Time to Water Your Vegetable Garden, Best Time to Pick Vegetables

Gardening Tips for Beginners

Growing Vegetables in Shade: Is It Possible?

NJ Zone 6 Complete Garden Planting Guide

Where Does Your Garden Grow?

Hardiness Zones in NJ

Gardening Tricks for Busy and Lazy People

Gardening With Young Children

Hay or Straw: Which is Right for Your Vegetable Garden?

What is a bumper crop?



What Vegetables Can You Plant in Mid Summer?

July Gardening Update: Zone 6 NJ

How often should I water my vegetable garden?

When to Pick Garden Vegetables?

What to Do With an Overgrown Vegetable Garden

Tomatoes Planting Instructions for NJ Zone 6

Peppers Planting Instructions for NJ Zone 6

What can you do with your NJ garden in July?

Picking and Cooking Beets: How to Harvest and Prepare Beets so People Actually Enjoy Them



Growing Tomatoes in New Jersey

Training Your Tomato Plants

Jersey Tomato Harvesting Q&A

Jersey Tomato Plants: Common Problems

Tomatoes Planting Instructions for NJ Zone 6



Organic Pest Control in Your Garden: Slugs, Snails, Potato Beetles

Companion Planting



Why Dig Organic Garden Beds During the Fall?

Broccoli Planting Instructions for NJ Zone 6

Cool Weather Crop: How to Grow Cabbage in NJ Zone 6

When to Plant Fall Vegetables in NJ Zone 6

Average Frost Date for NJ Zone 6, and How to Prep Your Garden for the Big Chill

Fall Vegetable Planting Guide for NJ Zone 6

Putting Your NJ Garden to Bed for Winter


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